If you examine DevOps when applied to the Salesforce environments, you will find that its challenges are quite different from the other software app development platforms in the market today. The truth is there are quite a several hindrances you need to address and overcome. This post will give you some guiding principles to help you arrest these challenges to taste the fruits of success faster.
Understand the basics of Salesforce first
Note, when you are working with Salesforce, it is not the stereotype Java software development. It is more about the management of changing object configuration and release it into the production org. This means there are fewer codes involved in the process, unlike Java. However, this does not mean that you should not ignore the development platform under Apex; it has some significance, which will be discussed later.
What are the common challenges you will face with the development of software and release management under Salesforce?
Given below are the most common challenges or hindrances you might face with Salesforce-
- You have weak confidence for testing- You will face problems when you have untested deployments that are new for each request located between deployments. Note, the testing suffers when there is a difference in the environment leading to issues in production and defects. This loss of confidence when it comes to testing is the result of different environments, and one needs to rework when defects are detected.
- Your environments are not in sync with one another- Note that when you are working with Salesforce, environments tend to get out of sync very fast. Refreshing will take time, and deployment will have errors.
- Challenges in deployment- Deployments done manually become a bottleneck for projects and test phases. Some developers update environments directly, and this leads to many missed steps in the deployment process. All releases in the future are built on old production environments, and so refresh means you need more time for testing and deployment.
- Issues with maintenance- If you need to go live, there are many manual steps you need to follow. There is a high possibility of hurdles when you are managing multiple work streams for projects and environments.
If you are involved with SF DevOps, the following are some critical steps to boost your success-
- Use the source code version control
- A change in history should be visible to all the members of your team
- You should be able to alert the other developers of your team in the event of code conflicts.
- Ensure you enforce test classes and allow them to run in Salesforce sandboxes. This will help you to identify problems and solve them in the early stages.
- You should have the option to roll back to previous points when needed.
- You should have the option to roll back any specific changes you have made
- Permit deployments every week or better still daily if that is possible.
- Make sure that the team involved with release management can handle deployments.
- Make sure that the workflow processes are not very complicated for the delivery team or teams you work with
- Ensure the leads of the delivery team or teams can initiate releases
- The team engaged with release management can use similar releases created by the leads of the delivery team for deployments.
Success for Salesforce DevOps
If you are searching for success in the field of Salesforce DevOps, you should make the Git Repository your solution for the whole process of configuration and code. At the same time, you should introduce transparency and governance to the process of code reviews. Ensure consistency with the environment by using deployments that are repeatable and dynamic to each environment. Get professionals on board to help if you are uncertain whether you can handle it or not.
Give empowerment to the developers
Offer feedback in real-time when it comes to deployment validation to those developers that have deployment errors. You should allow the developer to resolve their issues instead of escalating the matter back and forth with environment managers. This wastes a lot of time. Make sure the release branches about 100 percent and are ready for deployment without any error committed.
The deployment of the lifecycle should be continuous
Make way for deployments and immediate validations that are automated when codes are merged. Keep the deployments scheduled and on-demand to keep all the environments in sync with one another. Make sure you can Selenium scripts for regression testing as well as tools for code reviews that are automated to the pipeline under the DevOps process.
In conclusion, note that when you are developing in the Salesforce environment, it is more about configuration than writing codes. However, as mentioned above, you should not ignore the Apex platform and here is the reason why-
The salient features about Apex you should know as a Salesforce DevOps professional-
An apex is an object-oriented, strongly typed programming language that permits developers to incorporate transaction control statements and flow on servers under Salesforce in sync with API calls. The platform uses syntax that is similar to Java, and it acts like procedures you find in a database. This platform helps developers to attach business logic to most events in the system, including Visualforce pages, button clicks, and other relevant record updates. The Apex platform code can be initiated from web service requisitions and triggers on objects.
Apex as a programming language is very simple for you to use. It can be integrated with the platform quickly and is data-focused. You can also save your code against the different API versions to maintain behavior. It is simple for your test as it has inbuilt support for the task. It is a robust and robust programming language.
In Salesforce, you will find Apex in the Performance Edition, Database.com, Unlimited Edition, Enterprise Edition, and Developer Edition. You will find Apex in the Salesforce Classic ( not in all orgs) and Salesforce Lightning Experience.