So, you’re interested in learning web development. And don’t know where to start? Whether you are planning to develop a website on your own, hire an expert to take care of it. It is quite handy to familiarize yourself with the most common programming languages used in web development.
Web development is quite a big subject. It can be largely divided into two portions. One is – Front End and other one is Back End. It is a good idea to decide if your interest lays in back-end or front-end development.
Front End is responsible for what end user sees and interacts with on the page. It is all the design, fancy effects, layouts, and media that create the user experience. Whereas back end is where it typically processes, stores and manipulates data. It is how a website or application works. Backend development involves good problem-solving skills, logical thinking and you should be interested in the functionality of a website.
The List of Languages to Learn Web Development
Since there are so many different types of programming languages, it can be difficult for a web developer to select which one to use and which one to leave. The language you select will depend on multiple factors like Target platform, language domain match, efficiency, Elasticity and Performance, Availability of libraries, Project size, time to production, and tool support etc. In this article, I will list out top 7 most common programming languages that are required for web development.
Java was initially released in the 1990s as a general-purpose programming language by Sun Microsystems. Today, Java has become the default language for making android apps. Java supports cross-platform apps, meaning the app developed in Java can work on Windows, Android or even iOS devices as well.
The language itself is so powerful and the community is very big too. Java is little less famous in web development community due to the fact it takes more time to develop web apps compared to other languages in the list. Still, it can be used to develop powerful and scalable web applications if you can put some time. For example, twitter which was initially running on Ruby in Rails then switched to Java for scaling needs.
Python is yet another widely used programming language that plays the crucial part in web development. It is a dynamic programming language and doesn’t require a compiler. Python has a large library loaded with pre-coded functions for every module. which allows beginners and pros to do more with less code.
Python is very popular in real-time applications and web platforms including the popular internet companies like Google, Yahoo, NASA, Django, Rdio, Pinterest, and Instagram. The goal of this language is to make highly extensible. so you can easily embed in any kind of application.
PHP is another widely used programming languages, in fact as per a report published by w3techs, over 82.9% of websites use it in its backend technology stacks. PHP is an HTML embedded scripting language. Perfect for developing web templates and CMS (like WordPress, Joomla).
Ruby is similar to Python in that interpreted language that plays a huge impact on developer’s productivity. Thanks to its short and simple syntax. But, the difference is that with ruby you can do a task in many ways. while python adopts only “one right way to program”.
Ruby on Rails is an open source framework that helped ruby the back-end powerhouse that it is today. This MVC framework makes its focus on “convention over configuration” allowing developers to quickly bootstrap projects based on proven best practices. That is the reason Ruby was the original choice for Twitter to spring life in 2006. Later it has changed to Blender and Java to fit the unique needs. However, websites like Hulu, Basecamp, Shopify, and Groupon all still use Ruby to this day.
HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language. Hypertext means that the document contains links that allow the reader to jump to other places in the document or to another document altogether. While most of the web developers rely on advanced languages, HTML is still a fundamental language for many. HTML is considered to be the standard mark up language of the web. The latest version is HTML5. If you are just starting out, I recommend you to learn HTML before any other language.
CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is a style-sheet language. It gives the developers greater control over things like colors, fonts, layout, and overall design of a webpage. CSS is the main reason for a well-looking website. If you want to become a web developer, you must learn CSS as well.
This list is no means complete. But the languages highlighted above are among the most used programming languages currently used by web developers. Both C and C++ are also highly used languages and can be used in web development too. Alongside C#, .NET, Go Lang, and Swift can play an important role in web development.
I Hope the list was helpful. If you have any queries let me know in the comment section below.