Nanotechnology refers to the technology that can alter or manipulate matter in atomic and supramolecular scale.
Properly applied, nanotech can provide the ability to affect and change matter at scales between 1 and 100 nanometres.
Although a newer division of science when compared to others, the study of nanotechnology has become increasingly popular today.
- According to Assocham-TechSci research, Indians would account for around 25% of nanotechnology researchers around the globe by 2025.
Nanotechnology in India is primarily focused on the medical sphere, seeking to eradicate specific diseases which are incurable with present medication and healthcare.
How is nanotechnology in India affecting medical science?
Listed below are some areas of medical science where nanotechnology is expected to provide major breakthroughs.
1. DNA manipulation
With the advent of nanotechnology, doctors today can hope to reprogram faulty genes or completely alter their functioning.
Patients suffering from certain complicated conditions cannot hope to recover unless their DNA undergoes the necessary alteration.
For instance, treating cancer, heart disease, AIDS, etc. can become simpler with the more widespread use of nanotechnology.
- Oral, breast, and cervical cancer cases rose by more than 300% in India between 2017 and 2018.
To ensure the best and updated treatment procedures, doctors must ensure that they are buying the right medical equipment.
Such pieces of equipment should help them offer better and more fruitful treatment facilities although they are expensive and more often than not, purchased from abroad.
2. Use of nanobots
Nanobots are nanometre-sized robots that have specific instructions to conduct repair procedures on certain parts of the patient’s body. This technology is exceptionally useful when the medical therapy needs to be concentrated on a handful of cells only, and not on an entire region.
- America’s Harvard Medical School utilised an origami nanobot with specific molecular instructions that triggered cell suicide in lymphoma and leukaemia affected cells.
Although India has yet to achieve a similar result, the use of such nanobots showcases the great potential of nanotechnology in India and the country’s medical scenario.
3. Producing drugs at the site of the problem
A significant problem with the conventional modes for medicine delivery is that the human body breaks down a major portion of the dosage before it can reach the affected region.
Nevertheless, with the emergence of nanotechnology in India, doctors today are considering creating the drugs at the site of issue inside a patient’s body.
These ‘nano factories’ are capable of creating protein-based drugs whenever necessary, at the site of the problem. Such technology can revolutionise treatment for certain conditions, including metastatic cancers.
4. Nanofibres to replace traditional bandages
Nanofibres refer to specialised material that can act as bandages for wounds and surgical implants. While primarily useful in the proper recovery from brain and spinal surgeries, nanofibres can also ensure effective repair of cells in the case of hernias, fistulas and other associated injuries.
If you possess out-dated equipment, the rise of nanotechnology is one reason to upgrade your medical equipment today.
Future of nanotechnology in India
Correctly predicting the progress of nanotechnology is difficult. Still, certain research and studies show great promise when it comes to its medical applications.
- Nanobots and nanopharmaceuticals are expected to be able to reverse the damage caused by cardiovascular diseases and atherosclerosis by 2028.
The next two decades will tell whether technology can make significant shifts in the overall medical community.
Other technological advancements in the field of medicine
While nanotechnology is a driving force behind modern-day medicine, other technological impacts are far more apparent. For instance, mHealth or mobile health has greatly improved healthcare accessibility for Indians.
Mobile health is nothing but the availability of medical assistance through mobile devices. Individuals can now turn to their phones when they need a quick consultation with practitioners.
This mode of treatment has narrowed the gap between doctors and patients. Today, with mobile health programmes, it is possible for a person residing in Ahmedabad to seek treatment from a doctor practising in Chennai, without ever leaving his/her home.
For doctors, mobile health has improved business while also ensuring better treatment outcomes.
To integrate their chamber with mHealth and the required infrastructure, practitioners can consider availing hassle-free professional loans such as loans for doctors.
Opting for such forms of credit not only allows updated integration of mobile health support but can also aid doctors to seek out the best equipment for treatment.
- mHealth in India was estimated to be worth around $435 million in 2019.
Reputed financial company Bajaj Finserv additionally provides pre-approved offers with such loans to simplify the application process for borrowers.
With the continued growth of mobile health services and the promising results shown by the nanotechnology field, conventional medicine will undergo major changes in the foreseeable future. It is now a matter of determining how quickly the Indian doctors and consumers adapt to this change.