What’s the Difference Between Front End, Back End, and Full Stack Developer?

On average, businesses around the world spend about $4 trillion a year on technology. Most business owners realize that in order to engage with modern consumers, they need the right technology in place. One of the most important things an entrepreneur can have in their possession when trying to reach new customers is a well-built website. Trying to build a website without the help of an experienced web developer is nearly impossible.

Are you considering a career as a web developer? If so, you need to realize there is more than just one type of developer. Knowing the difference between a front-end, back-end and full-stack developer is essential before choosing your career path in this industry. In this article, we will provide you with information about these different types of developers and what jobs they typically handle.

What is a Front-End Development?

While you may have heard the term “front-end development” you may not be exactly sure what it means. In short, a front-end development professional will handle all of the aspects of a website that the user engages with. Things like navigational menus, images and even the colors used on a website are handled by the front-end developer. If you love creating visually-stunning graphics and webpages, then becoming a front-end developer may be a good idea.

Programming Languages Used By a Front-End Developer

Before you jump into the world of front-end development, you need to understand the types of tools you will use in this profession. Front-end developers use a wide range of programming languages to bring their creations to life.


One of the most commonly used programming languages in the world of front-end development is JavaScript. Often times, developers will use this language to create interactive contact forms, drop-down menus and even modal windows. Having a strong command of this language will allow you to create websites that are both extremely appealing and engaging. Modern business owners want to hire front-end developers that know how to weave modern design elements into their website, which is why staying up to speed on industry trends is a must.


Front-End developers also use HTML on a regular basis. This fundamental coding language has been used for years due to how effective and comprehensive it is. In order to organize the content on a website to make it usable for popular web browsers like Google Chrome or Mozilla Firefox, HTML has to be used.


CSS is also a very popular programming language in the front-end development community. When trying to define the overall layout of a particular website, developers will turn to CSS. With the help of this programming language, you will be able to change and optimize elements like the website’s color, fonts and layout.


The Life of a Back-End Developer

Now that you know more about what a front-end developer does, we will move onto the jobs handled by a back-end developer. This type of developer basically handles all of the elements that aren’t seen by users. Things like server-side communication is the job of a back-end developer. Without these essential elements, a website will be unable to function properly. If you like dealing with code, data and other mundane web design elements, then this may be a great job for you.

When a website user fills out a contact form, the back-end framework has to both interpret and use the data that is inputted. If this is not handled properly, a business owner will be unable to get the information they need to follow up on a potential sales lead. A back-end developer will also be responsible for how a website communicates with various online browsers. If the website does not communicate properly with these browsers, it will lead to the user getting a long list of error messages. A consistent stream of these messages may lead to the user getting frustrated and forgetting about the website altogether.

As you can see, without an adequate and functional back-end framework, a business website will not be able to function. A back-end developer will also set up the database a website needs to manage all of the information and data it collects from users. Not only does this database store consumer information, it also creates a backup of the website’s style and structure. Having this copy of the website can come in handy in the event of a website crash or data hack.

Programming Languages Used By Back-End Developers

As a back-end developer, you will use a variety of programming languages to bring your creations to life. These languages include everything from HTML to Python and everything in between. The key to using these programming languages effectively is being able to find and fix errors in a hurry. This is where programs like Loggly’s application logging comes in handy. With these programs, you can find where errors are occurring in your code and address them before it causes instability with the website.

A Full-Stack Developer Does It All

If you want to have your hands in every aspect of building and maintaining a website, then becoming a full-stack developer is a great idea. Not only will you have to handle both front-end and back-end development jobs as a full-stack developer, you will also need to hone your customer communication skills. Most companies hire full-stack developers to act as a liaison between them and their customers. Being able to listen to what a client wants and putting these suggestions into action is no easy task. As time goes by, you will become more comfortable with your role as a full-stack developer.

Prepare For a Hard Road Ahead

Regardless of what type of developer you want to be, you will have to work hard to get ahead. This is a highly competitive industry, which is why expanding your knowledge of web development is crucial. By continuing your development education, you can edge out the competition. The time and effort invested in becoming a better developer will be worth it in the long run.

About the author

Tirupati Gumpula

Hi, I'm a Tech Enthusiastic and founder of Popular technology blogsWay to Hunt. & Elite Tricks. Want to promote your brand? Email: [email protected]